Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel. Alternatively, travelers to the U.S. may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel. Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions.
The highly infectious COVID-19 Delta variant is prevalent throughout Japan, with record-high case numbers leading to strained hospital capacity and medical infrastructure in many areas. States of emergency and quasi-states of emergency are now in effect for more than half of Japan’s prefectures.
The following 19 prefectures and areas remain under a state of emergency until the end of September: Okinawa, Tokyo, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Osaka, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Shizuoka, Kyoto, Hyogo, Fukuoka, Hokkaido, Gifu, Aichi, Mie, Shiga, and Hiroshima.
The following six prefectures remain under a quasi-state of emergency until the end of September: Ishikawa, Fukushima, Kumamoto, Kagawa, Kagoshima, and Miyazaki.
The following two prefectures will be downgraded from a state of emergency to a quasi-state of emergency: Miyagi and Okayama.
The quasi state of emergency for the following six prefectures is set to expire on September 12, 2021: Toyama, Yamanashi, Ehime, Kochi, Saga, and Nagasaki.
U.S. citizens are urged to follow all national and prefectural COVID-related guidance to protect their health, bearing in mind that transmission rates remain high, and that hospital capacity is strained in many areas.
- Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Japan? Yes
- If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Yes
- Travelers should contact their local health provider to determine the location of testing facilities within Japan. A non-comprehensive list of some COVID-19 testing facilities can be found here on the Embassy website.
- Method of delivery of test results will vary between clinics, please consult with your provider prior to undergoing testing.
- Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel. Alternatively, travelers to the U.S. may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel. Check the CDC website for additional information and Frequently Asked Questions.
- Waivers to the testing requirement may be granted by the CDC on an extremely limited basis when extraordinary emergency travel (like an emergency medical evacuation) must occur to preserve someone’s health and safety, and testing cannot be completed before travel. There are no waivers available for individuals who test positive for COVID-19. Individuals – or air carriers seeking to allow boarding by potentially qualifying individuals – who believe they meet the criteria for a waiver should contact the U.S. Embassy at TokyoACS@state.gov (for U.S. citizens) or TokyoVisaService@state.gov (for visa applicants), and provide the information below. The U.S. Embassy will then submit the request to the CDC for consideration.
- The following information must be provided for each passenger:
- Name (family name/surname, given name), passport number and country
- Cell phone number including country code of passenger or head of household if family unit
- Email address of passenger or head of household if family unit
- U.S. destination address
- Is U.S. destination home address?
- Departure date
- Flight itinerary
- Name of submitting entity if different from passenger
- Name of company submitting on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)
- Name of point of contact submitting on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)
- Phone and email address for POC submitting waiver request on behalf of passenger(s) (if applicable)
- Purpose of travel to the U.S. (provide brief explanation of why urgent travel is needed and how travel will contribute to health and safety of passengers)
- Justification for testing waiver (e.g. no testing available, impact on health and safety)
- Documentation to support justification for test waiver, if available (e.g. medical records or orders for medical evacuation)
- Due to the ready availability of COVID-19 testing options in Japan, the Embassy anticipates that any waiver request will be extremely rare.
COVID-19 Vaccine Information:
- Has the government of Japan approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? Yes
- Are vaccines available in Japan for U.S. citizens to receive? Yes
- The Japanese government continues to roll out its vaccination program for Japanese citizens and foreign residents. Some prefectures have established mass vaccine sites in order to increase the speed of the vaccine rollout. Individuals aged 18 or older who have received their municipal vaccination ticket are eligible to be vaccinated at the Self Defense Force Inoculation Centers in Tokyo and Osaka. More information is available here.
- Which vaccines are available in Japan? Pfizer, Moderna, and AstraZeneca vaccines are currently approved in Japan.
- The Government of Japan launched an English language website with information about the COVID-19 vaccine in Japan. For the most up-to-date information about receiving the COVID-19 vaccine in Japan, consult with your medical provider. U.S. citizens should also follow local media for updates on the vaccination campaign’s progress.
- Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
- The U.S. government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas. Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.
- The U.S. Embassy does not issue a certificate for vaccinations nor are we aware of an entity in Japan that will issue a vaccine certificate for those who received the vaccine overseas. We encourage those who need a vaccination certificate to continue to talk to your local city hall or Ward Office for clarification. At this time, the COVID-19 Japanese vaccine certificate is not being required for any activities domestically within Japan. When traveling internationally, people who received their vaccine in the United States should travel with their white CDC vaccination card. Those who received their vaccine in Japan and wish to apply for a vaccine certificate should contact their Ward Office for additional information.
Entry and Exit Requirements:
Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Very limited.
The U.S. Embassy strongly urges any U.S. citizens considering travel to Japan to review carefully the information available from the Government of Japan. Military travelers arriving in Japan under the Status of Forces Agreement should consult with their chain of command to ensure they understand quarantine and restriction of movement requirements prior to beginning travel.
Travel for tourism and most other short-term purposes is still not permitted, and there is no indication that this will change in the short term. Visa-free travel is suspended. Travelers who believe they qualify for an exception to Japan’s strict entry controls should contact their nearest Japanese Embassy or consulate for information.
The Government of Japan makes no distinction between vaccinated and unvaccinated travelers in its COVID-related entry requirements. Vaccination status has no impact on an individual’s eligibility to travel to Japan, and Japan’s quarantine restrictions apply regardless of vaccination status.
The Government of Japan continues to enforce strict travel regulations that bar most foreigners from newly entering into Japan. Foreign tourists and non-resident foreign business travelers remain prohibited from entering Japan. Japanese citizens and foreign residents with a reentry permit are generally allowed to reenter Japan but must comply with strict pre- and post- travel testing requirements and quarantine upon arrival. Regardless of the international point of origin, all travelers entering Japan remain subject to a 14-day self-quarantine upon arrival and are prohibited from using public transportation to include domestic flights, taxis, and rail. Travelers arriving without proof of pre-travel COVID-19 testing, or tests completed more than 72 hours in advance of departure from the United States will be denied entry into Japan.
The Government of Japan has designated several areas with confirmed spread of COVID-19 variants. A list of these locations can be found on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website . This list may be expanded with little-to-no advance notice. Travelers who have been present in these areas for the 14 days preceding their arrival into Japan will be required to quarantine in a Government of Japan-provided facility for at least three days before being permitted to finish their self-quarantine period at home. Additional states may be added to this list with little to no warning, and travelers should follow developments closely in advance of any international travel.
Upon arrival in Japan, travelers will be required to complete documentation, download several smartphone applications, and clear immigration. Quarantine officials will arrange regular phone or video calls with travelers during their self-quarantine period to ensure compliance. If a traveler does not have a smartphone, most international airports offer an option for travelers to rent one upon arrival.
U.S. military and SOFA status personnel should speak with their command about upcoming travel, COVID-19 testing, and any restriction of movement (ROM)/quarantine requirements.
All travelers inbound to Japan, regardless of age, must receive a negative PCR test within 72 hours of departure of the international leg of their trip. Domestic travel prior to the international flight is NOT counted within the 72 hours. These tests must be presented in the prescribed format and must comply with very strict requirements. The terms “nasopharyngeal” or “saliva” must be listed as the sample collection method. For information, please see the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website. Failure to complete the prescribed form as required by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare may result in being denied entry to Japan.
Travelers seeking to transit Japan en route to onward international destinations may continue to do so without quarantine as long as the transit occurs within the same airport and no overnight stay is required.
For information on Japan’s updated travel restrictions, please see these websites:
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Phased Measures for Resuming Cross-Border Travel
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Application for Visa for Foreign Nationals Eligible for Phase Measures toward Resuming Cross-Border Travel
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Border Enforcement Measures to Prevent the Spread of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)
- Ministry of Justice: Information Related to Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) from Immigration Service Agency
The U.S. Embassy strongly urges any U.S. citizens considering travel to Japan to review carefully the information available from the Government of Japan.
Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes
Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes
U.S. citizens seeking information about visa extensions should consult with the Immigration Service Agency.
Please note: These complex regulations are subject to change with little notice. The U.S. Embassy’s ability to intervene on behalf of travelers denied boarding at their point of embarkation or denied entry upon arrival to Japan is extremely limited, and those travelers denied entry at Japanese ports of entry will likely be immediately reboarded on flights back to the United States.
For questions regarding the government of Japan’s travel restrictions, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides contact information in Section Four of this website.
Is a curfew in place? No
Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No
Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes
All travelers arriving to Japan are required to self-quarantine at their home or other location for 14 days. Travelers who arrive without proper documentation of a negative COVID-19 test will be denied entry to Japan. The Government of Japan announced that foreign residents, including U.S. citizens, who are found to disregard quarantine instructions may have their residency status canceled and face deportation. More information can be found on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
- Are commercial flights operating? Yes
- Is public transportation operating? Yes
Face masks are almost universally worn in public, especially in urban areas, indoors and on public transportation. U.S. citizens should be aware that failure to adhere to mask-wearing norms reflects poorly on foreign residents.
Fines for Non-Compliance (if applicable)
Foreign residents found to disregard quarantine instructions may have their residency status canceled and face deportation.
What ACS services are being offered? The U.S. Embassy and consulates continue to provide emergency services and have resumed some routine services with limited appointment availability. To schedule an appointment with the American Citizen Services unit, visit this website.
What visa services are being offered? The U.S. Embassy and consulates continue to provide mission-critical and emergency visa services and have resumed some routine services with limited appointment availability. To schedule an appointment with the visa unit, visit this website.
United States Forces Japan Restrictions:
United States Forces Japan bases have instituted a number of restrictions based on local conditions. Many restrictions are specific to individual bases or areas. For more information, please contact base command officials.
Below are sources of local COVID-19 information in English. U.S. citizens should closely monitor trusted local news sources and local authorities’ communications for updates and information. This list is not exhaustive:
- Tokyo Metropolitan Government
- Chiba Prefecture
- Saitama Prefecture
- Gifu Prefecture
- Mie Prefecture
- Osaka Prefecture
- Kyoto Prefecture
- Kobe City
- Nagoya City (Aichi Prefecture)
- Fukuoka Prefecture
- Okinawa Prefecture
- Hokkaido Prefecture
The Japan National Tourism Organization maintains up-to-date information on screening and quarantine measures for travelers. It also operates a 24/7 visitor hotline, available in English. To call from Japan: 050-3816-2787; from overseas: +81-50-3816-2787.
The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare also has a 24/7 hotline at +81-3-3595-2176 with English-speaking operators, and has a Q&A on the new measures.
The Association of Medical Doctors of Asia Medical Information Center are operating a hotline to assist foreign nationals in Japan with questions about COVID-19. It is available from 10:00 to 17:00, and can be reached at 03-6233-9266. More information can be found here.
The Tokyo Metropolitan Government launched a multilingual call center on COVID-19 for foreign residents. They can be reached by phone from 10:00 to 17:00, Monday through Friday, at 0120-296-004. Callers should note that the initial recording is in Japanese, but if you stay on the line you can be assisted in English.
The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare has a dedicated page on COVID-19.
The Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO) has a dedicated COVID-19 page with additional information, including information on how to seek medical care in Japan. JNTO also operates a 24-hour hotline for visitors.
If you are currently in Japan and believe that you may have symptoms of COVID-19, please call JNTO’s hotline at 050-3816-2787.