Travel to the United States of America:
All air passengers, regardless of vaccination status, must show a negative COVID-19 test taken no more than 1 day before travel to the United States, regardless of nationality. This tighter testing timeline provides an added degree of public health protection as scientists continue to assess the Omicron variant.
Exemptions will be considered on an extremely limited basis. Please contact your nearest embassy or consulate to apply for an exemption. Please visit the CDC webpages for more information about exemptions and the requirement for proof of negative COVID-19 test or recovery from COVID-19 for all air passengers arriving in the United States.
For detailed information regarding Covid-19 vaccine and testing requirements for travel to the United States, please visit our travel requirements page.
Travelers to the United States who have recently been in close contact with someone who has COVID-19 should review the CDC guidance before traveling. While in Japan, close contacts should review advice on the MHLW website.
Country-Specific Information for Japan:
Highly infectious COVID-19 variants have occasionally led to strained hospital capacity and medical infrastructure.
U.S. citizens are urged to follow all national and prefectural COVID-related guidance to protect their health, bearing in mind that transmission rates can accelerate and hospital capacity can quickly become strained in many areas.
- Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Japan? Yes
- If so, are test results reliably available within 24 to 72 hours? Yes
- Travelers should contact their local health provider to determine the location of testing facilities within Japan. A non-comprehensive list of some COVID-19 testing facilities can be found here on the Embassy website.
- Method of delivery of test results will vary between clinics, please consult with your provider prior to undergoing testing.
COVID-19 Vaccine Information:
- Has the government of Japan approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? Yes
- Are vaccines available in Japan for U.S. citizens to receive? Yes
- Which vaccines are available in Japan? Pfizer, COMIRNATY, Moderna, and AstraZeneca Vaxzevria vaccines are currently approved in Japan.
- The Government of Japan launched an English language website with information about the COVID-19 vaccine in Japan. For the most up-to-date information about receiving the COVID-19 vaccine in Japan, consult with your medical provider. U.S. citizens should also follow local media for updates on the vaccination campaign’s progress.
- Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
- The U.S. government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas. Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.
- The U.S. Embassy does not issue a certificate for vaccinations nor are we aware of an entity in Japan that will issue a vaccine certificate for those who received the vaccine overseas. We encourage those who need a vaccination certificate to continue to talk to your local city hall or Ward Office for clarification. When traveling internationally, people who received their vaccine in the United States should travel with their white CDC vaccination card. Those who received their vaccine in Japan and wish to apply for a vaccine certificate should contact their Ward Office for additional information.
Entry and Exit Requirements:
Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Very limited.
The U.S. Embassy strongly urges any U.S. citizens considering travel to Japan to review carefully the information available from the Government of Japan. Military travelers arriving in Japan under the Status of Forces Agreement should consult with their chain of command to ensure they understand quarantine and restriction of movement requirements prior to beginning travel.
Travel for tourism is still not permitted. Visa-free travel is suspended. Travelers who believe they qualify for an exception to Japan’s strict entry controls should contact their nearest Japanese Embassy or consulate for information.
Japanese citizens and foreign residents with a reentry permit are generally allowed to reenter Japan but must comply with strict pre- and post- travel testing requirements and quarantine upon arrival if required.
Beginning March 1, Foreign nationals newly entering Japan for a short-term stay (less than three months) for purposes including business or employment and foreign nationals newly entering Japan for a long term stay including foreign students and technical trainees will be allowed to enter Japan in limited numbers. Those travelers who believe they qualify for travel to Japan based on the new announcement should review details on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ “Resuming Cross-Border Travel” website and the “Border Measures to Prevent the Spread of Novel Coronavirus” website, as well as the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare’s website, or contact the nearest Japanese embassy or consulate for additional information. Students and technical trainees should contact their educational institutions directly for guidance.
All travelers inbound to Japan, regardless of age, must receive a negative COVID-19 test within 72 hours of departure of the international leg of their trip. Domestic travel prior to the international flight is NOT counted within the 72 hours. These tests must be presented in the prescribed format and must comply with very strict requirements. The terms “nasopharyngeal” or “saliva” must be listed as the sample collection method. For information, please see the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website. Failure to complete the prescribed form as required by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare may result in being denied entry to Japan.
Upon arrival in Japan, travelers will be required to complete documentation, download several smartphone applications, and clear immigration. Quarantine officials will arrange regular phone or video calls with travelers during their self-quarantine period to ensure compliance. If a traveler does not have a smartphone, most international airports offer an option for travelers to rent one upon arrival.
Acceptable forms of proof of vaccination include the CDC white card or a vaccine certificate issued by the following jurisdictions: Louisiana, Northern Marianas, New York, Philadelphia, Maryland, Virginia, Washington, DC, and Washington. Acceptable forms of proof of vaccination for those vaccinated in Japan are the following: vaccine certificate for overseas travel (海外渡航用の新型コロナウイルス感染症 予防接種証明書); vaccine certificate issued by Japanese local authorities (日本の地方公共団体より発行された、新型コロナウイルスワクチン予防接種済証); and vaccine certificate issued by Japanese medical providers (日本の医療機関当により発行された、新型コロナウイルスワクチン接種記録書).
Starting March 1, eligible travelers to Japan from the United States will be eligible to bypass the quarantine period if fully vaccinated and boosted with a vaccine recognized by the Government of Japan. Unvaccinated travelers and/or travelers who have not yet received their booster vaccination may be eligible for a three-day quarantine period, if tested on third day in Japan. Children who are not allowed to be vaccinated in their country because of their age are treated same as a parent or guardian if children accompanied by a parent or guardian who has valid vaccination certificate.
Details of the new quarantine requirements (effective on March 1) can be found on MHLW’s website. MHLW has launched a call center for the new quarantine measures, they can be reached by phone from 9:00 to 21:00, at 050-1751-2158 or 050-1741-8558.
Travelers seeking to transit Japan en route to onward international destinations may continue to do so without quarantine as long as the transit occurs within the same airport and no overnight stay is required.
Starting March 9, 2022, travelers to Japan may pre-register for airport quarantine procedures and use “Fast Track” at certain airports including Haneda and Narita. Detailed information is available at MHLW website at https://www.hco.mhlw.go.jp/fasttrack/en/ . Here is a flyer for the “Fast Track” procedure that you may want to keep handy when traveling.
Travelers entering Japan may use the Electronic Customs Declaration Gates (e-Gates) for customs clearance, which reduces human-to-human contact. Travelers may wish to learn more about the program before arriving in Japan. Please see the Japan Customs website for details.
For information on Japan’s updated travel restrictions, please see these websites:
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Phased Measures for Resuming Cross-Border Travel
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Application for Visa for Foreign Nationals Eligible for Phase Measures toward Resuming Cross-Border Travel
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Border Enforcement Measures to Prevent the Spread of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)
- Ministry of Justice: Information Related to Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) from Immigration Service Agency
The U.S. Embassy strongly urges any U.S. citizens considering travel to Japan to review carefully the information available from the Government of Japan.
Is a negative COVID-19 test required for entry? Yes
Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes
U.S. citizens seeking information about visa extensions should consult with the Immigration Service Agency.
Please note: These complex regulations are subject to change with little notice. The U.S. Embassy’s ability to intervene on behalf of travelers denied boarding at their point of embarkation or denied entry upon arrival to Japan is extremely limited, and those travelers denied entry at Japanese ports of entry will likely be immediately reboarded on flights back to the United States.
For questions regarding the government of Japan’s travel restrictions, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides contact information in Section Five of this website and you may also contact Japanese immigration Information Centers.
Is a curfew in place? No
Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No
Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes
Travelers who are not fully vaccinated and boosted, as described above, will be required to self-quarantine at their home or other location for 7 days. Travelers who arrive without proper documentation of a negative COVID-19 test will be denied entry to Japan. The Government of Japan announced that foreign residents, including U.S. citizens, who are found to disregard quarantine instructions may have their residency status canceled and face deportation. More information can be found on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
- Are commercial flights operating? Yes
- Is public transportation operating? Yes
Face masks are almost universally worn in public, especially in urban areas, indoors and on public transportation. U.S. citizens should be aware that failure to adhere to mask-wearing norms reflects poorly on foreign residents.
Fines for Non-Compliance (if applicable)
Foreign residents found to disregard quarantine instructions may have their residency status canceled and face deportation.
What ACS services are being offered? The U.S. Embassy in Tokyo and consulates in Japan have resumed routine American Citizen Services. To schedule an appointment with the American Citizen Services unit, visit this website.
What visa services are being offered? The U.S. Embassy in Tokyo and consulates in Japan have resumed routine immigrant and non-immigrant visa services. To schedule an appointment with the visa unit, visit this online page.
United States Forces Japan Restrictions:
United States Forces Japan bases have instituted a number of restrictions based on local conditions. Many restrictions are specific to individual bases or areas. For more information, please contact base command officials.
Below are sources of local COVID-19 information in English. U.S. citizens should closely monitor trusted local news sources and local authorities’ communications for updates and information. This list is not exhaustive:
- Tokyo Metropolitan Government
- Chiba Prefecture
- Saitama Prefecture
- Gifu Prefecture
- Mie Prefecture
- Osaka Prefecture
- Kyoto Prefecture
- Kobe City
- Nagoya City (Aichi Prefecture)
- Fukuoka Prefecture
- Okinawa Prefecture
- Hokkaido Prefecture
The Japan National Tourism Organization maintains up-to-date information on screening and quarantine measures for travelers. It also operates a 24/7 visitor hotline, available in English. To call from Japan: 050-3816-2787; from overseas: +81-50-3816-2787.
The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare also has a 24/7 hotline at +81-3-3595-2176 with English-speaking operators, and has a Q&A on the new measures.
The Association of Medical Doctors of Asia Medical Information Center are operating a hotline to assist foreign nationals in Japan with questions about COVID-19. It is available from 10:00 to 17:00, and can be reached at 03-6233-9266. More information can be found here.
The Tokyo Metropolitan Government launched a multilingual call center on COVID-19 for foreign residents. They can be reached by phone from 10:00 to 17:00, Monday through Friday, at 0120-296-004. Callers should note that the initial recording is in Japanese, but if you stay on the line you can be assisted in English.
The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare has a dedicated page on COVID-19.
The Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO) has a dedicated COVID-19 page with additional information, including information on how to seek medical care in Japan. JNTO also operates a 24-hour hotline for visitors.
If you are currently in Japan and believe that you may have symptoms of COVID-19, please call JNTO’s hotline at 050-3816-2787.