Effective November 8, 2021, all non-immigrant, non-U.S. citizen air travelers to the United States will be required to be fully vaccinated and to provide proof of vaccination status prior to boarding an airplane to the United States.
U.S. citizens and Legal Permanent Residents (LPRs) who are eligible to travel but are not fully vaccinated will need to provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test one (1) day before their flight. U.S citizens and LPRs who are fully vaccinated will need to present airlines with proof of vaccination and of a negative COVID-19 test three (3) days before their flight.
Exemptions will be considered on an extremely limited basis. Please contact your nearest embassy or consulate to apply for an exemption. Please visit the CDC webpages for more information about exemptions and the requirement for proof of negative COVID-19 test or recovery from COVID-19 for all air passengers arriving in the United States.
The highly infectious COVID-19 Delta variant has occasionally led to strained hospital capacity and medical infrastructure.
U.S. citizens are urged to follow all national and prefectural COVID-related guidance to protect their health, bearing in mind that transmission rates can accelerate and hospital capacity can quickly become strained in many areas.
- Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Japan? Yes
- If so, are test results reliably available within 24 to 72 hours? Yes
- Travelers should contact their local health provider to determine the location of testing facilities within Japan. A non-comprehensive list of some COVID-19 testing facilities can be found here on the Embassy website.
- Method of delivery of test results will vary between clinics, please consult with your provider prior to undergoing testing.
COVID-19 Vaccine Information:
- Has the government of Japan approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? Yes
- Are vaccines available in Japan for U.S. citizens to receive? Yes
- Which vaccines are available in Japan? Pfizer, Moderna, and AstraZeneca vaccines are currently approved in Japan.
- The Government of Japan launched an English language website with information about the COVID-19 vaccine in Japan. For the most up-to-date information about receiving the COVID-19 vaccine in Japan, consult with your medical provider. U.S. citizens should also follow local media for updates on the vaccination campaign’s progress.
- Visit the FDA’s website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.
- The U.S. government does not plan to provide COVID-19 vaccinations to private U.S. citizens overseas. Please follow host country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination.
- The U.S. Embassy does not issue a certificate for vaccinations nor are we aware of an entity in Japan that will issue a vaccine certificate for those who received the vaccine overseas. We encourage those who need a vaccination certificate to continue to talk to your local city hall or Ward Office for clarification. When traveling internationally, people who received their vaccine in the United States should travel with their white CDC vaccination card. Those who received their vaccine in Japan and wish to apply for a vaccine certificate should contact their Ward Office for additional information.
Entry and Exit Requirements:
Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Very limited.
The U.S. Embassy strongly urges any U.S. citizens considering travel to Japan to review carefully the information available from the Government of Japan. Military travelers arriving in Japan under the Status of Forces Agreement should consult with their chain of command to ensure they understand quarantine and restriction of movement requirements prior to beginning travel.
Travel for tourism and most other short-term purposes is still not permitted, and there is no indication that this will change in the short term. Visa-free travel is suspended. Travelers who believe they qualify for an exception to Japan’s strict entry controls should contact their nearest Japanese Embassy or consulate for information.
The Government of Japan continues to enforce strict travel regulations that bar most non-resident foreigners, including tourists from newly entering into Japan. Japanese citizens and foreign residents with a reentry permit are generally allowed to reenter Japan but must comply with strict pre- and post- travel testing requirements and quarantine upon arrival.
All travelers inbound to Japan, regardless of age, must receive a negative PCR test within 72 hours of departure of the international leg of their trip. Domestic travel prior to the international flight is NOT counted within the 72 hours. These tests must be presented in the prescribed format and must comply with very strict requirements. The terms “nasopharyngeal” or “saliva” must be listed as the sample collection method. For information, please see the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website. Failure to complete the prescribed form as required by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare may result in being denied entry to Japan.
Upon arrival in Japan, travelers will be required to complete documentation, download several smartphone applications, and clear immigration. Quarantine officials will arrange regular phone or video calls with travelers during their self-quarantine period to ensure compliance. If a traveler does not have a smartphone, most international airports offer an option for travelers to rent one upon arrival.
The Government of Japan has announced that, as of October 1, the quarantine period for fully vaccinated travelers will be reduced to 10 days, subject to a negative PCR or antigen test on the 10th day of quarantine. Travelers who have received two doses of the Pfizer, Moderna, or AstraZeneca vaccine at least 14 days prior to travel are eligible for the reduced quarantine period.
Acceptable forms of proof of vaccination include the CDC white card or a vaccine certificate issued by the following jurisdictions: Louisiana, Northern Marianas, New York, Philadelphia, Maryland, Virginia, Washington, DC, and Washington. Acceptable forms of proof of vaccination for those vaccinated in Japan are the following: vaccine certificate for overseas travel (海外渡航用の新型コロナウイルス感染症 予防接種証明書); vaccine certificate issued by Japanese local authorities (日本の地方公共団体より発行された、新型コロナウイルスワクチン予防接種済証); and vaccine certificate issued by Japanese medical providers (日本の医療機関当により発行された、新型コロナウイルスワクチン接種記録書).
For complete information regarding the 10-day quarantine option, please consult the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website and the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare website. These websites are subject to change and are updated frequently.
The Government of Japan has also announced that fully vaccinated business travelers to Japan may be able to travel to Japan and will be eligible for a reduced, three-day quarantine period. In addition, foreign students, technical trainees, and certain new long-term residents may be allowed to enter Japan and be eligible for a 10-day quarantine period. For more information, see information on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website.
All other travelers remain subject to the full 14-day quarantine period.
Travelers entering Japan are prohibited from using public transportation, including domestic flights, taxis, and rail services for the duration of their applicable quarantine period.
In addition, unvaccinated travelers arriving from certain areas may be required to stay in a government-designated location for the first three days of their quarantine period. Fully vaccinated travelers will be exempt from this enhanced quarantine measure. Travelers should check the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website before traveling, as the list of areas requiring enhanced quarantine measures may change with little notice.
Travelers seeking to transit Japan en route to onward international destinations may continue to do so without quarantine as long as the transit occurs within the same airport and no overnight stay is required.
For information on Japan’s updated travel restrictions, please see these websites:
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Phased Measures for Resuming Cross-Border Travel
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Application for Visa for Foreign Nationals Eligible for Phase Measures toward Resuming Cross-Border Travel
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Border Enforcement Measures to Prevent the Spread of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)
- Ministry of Justice: Information Related to Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) from Immigration Service Agency
The U.S. Embassy strongly urges any U.S. citizens considering travel to Japan to review carefully the information available from the Government of Japan.
Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? Yes
Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry? Yes
U.S. citizens seeking information about visa extensions should consult with the Immigration Service Agency.
Please note: These complex regulations are subject to change with little notice. The U.S. Embassy’s ability to intervene on behalf of travelers denied boarding at their point of embarkation or denied entry upon arrival to Japan is extremely limited, and those travelers denied entry at Japanese ports of entry will likely be immediately reboarded on flights back to the United States.
For questions regarding the government of Japan’s travel restrictions, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides contact information in Section Four of this website.
Is a curfew in place? No
Are there restrictions on intercity or interstate travel? No
Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Yes
All travelers arriving to Japan are required to self-quarantine at their home or other location for 14 days, unless eligible for the shortened 10-day quarantine (see above). Travelers who arrive without proper documentation of a negative COVID-19 test will be denied entry to Japan. The Government of Japan announced that foreign residents, including U.S. citizens, who are found to disregard quarantine instructions may have their residency status canceled and face deportation. More information can be found on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
- Are commercial flights operating? Yes
- Is public transportation operating? Yes
Face masks are almost universally worn in public, especially in urban areas, indoors and on public transportation. U.S. citizens should be aware that failure to adhere to mask-wearing norms reflects poorly on foreign residents.
Fines for Non-Compliance (if applicable)
Foreign residents found to disregard quarantine instructions may have their residency status canceled and face deportation.
What ACS services are being offered? The U.S. Embassy in Tokyo and consulates in Japan have resumed routine American Citizen Services. To schedule an appointment with the American Citizen Services unit, visit this website.
What visa services are being offered? The U.S. Embassy in Tokyo and consulates in Japan have resumed routine immigrant and nonimmigrant visa services. To schedule an appointment with the visa unit, visit this website.
United States Forces Japan Restrictions:
United States Forces Japan bases have instituted a number of restrictions based on local conditions. Many restrictions are specific to individual bases or areas. For more information, please contact base command officials.
Below are sources of local COVID-19 information in English. U.S. citizens should closely monitor trusted local news sources and local authorities’ communications for updates and information. This list is not exhaustive:
- Tokyo Metropolitan Government
- Chiba Prefecture
- Saitama Prefecture
- Gifu Prefecture
- Mie Prefecture
- Osaka Prefecture
- Kyoto Prefecture
- Kobe City
- Nagoya City (Aichi Prefecture)
- Fukuoka Prefecture
- Okinawa Prefecture
- Hokkaido Prefecture
The Japan National Tourism Organization maintains up-to-date information on screening and quarantine measures for travelers. It also operates a 24/7 visitor hotline, available in English. To call from Japan: 050-3816-2787; from overseas: +81-50-3816-2787.
The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare also has a 24/7 hotline at +81-3-3595-2176 with English-speaking operators, and has a Q&A on the new measures.
The Association of Medical Doctors of Asia Medical Information Center are operating a hotline to assist foreign nationals in Japan with questions about COVID-19. It is available from 10:00 to 17:00, and can be reached at 03-6233-9266. More information can be found here.
The Tokyo Metropolitan Government launched a multilingual call center on COVID-19 for foreign residents. They can be reached by phone from 10:00 to 17:00, Monday through Friday, at 0120-296-004. Callers should note that the initial recording is in Japanese, but if you stay on the line you can be assisted in English.
The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare has a dedicated page on COVID-19.
The Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO) has a dedicated COVID-19 page with additional information, including information on how to seek medical care in Japan. JNTO also operates a 24-hour hotline for visitors.
If you are currently in Japan and believe that you may have symptoms of COVID-19, please call JNTO’s hotline at 050-3816-2787.