What is a Machine-Readable passport? A biometric passport or an e-passport?
A Machine-Readable passport has two lines of text at the bottom of the personal information page, along with the bearer’s digital photo instead of one that is glued on. A biometric passport or an e-passport contains an electronic chip that can be read by special equipment to confirm the data printed on the passport and has the international symbols for an e-passport on the passport cover.
What happens if a traveler wishes to travel to the United States under VWP but doesn't have a passport that meets established guidelines?
In such cases, these citizens would need to apply for a B1/B2 visa at a U.S. embassy or consulate.
Can a child travel under VWP on his/her parent's passport?
No. All VWP travelers, regardless of age, must carry individual passports.
Does Japan issue e-passports?
Yes. Japan started the issuance of passports with IC chips (e-passports) on March 20, 2006.